South Base Camp is in Nepal. It is the most popular trail which leads towards the highest mountain in the world, Mount Everest. This route is the most frequently-used route because it is generally considered safer and has easier access at all. Everest Base Camp from Nepal side is the most recommended and desired one. The trek towards it starts from Lukla. At first, trekkers fly to Lukla from Kathmandu. There is not even a roadway to Lukla from Kathmandu, so all the goods and necessary kinds of stuff are sent there through flights. Trekking can also be done from Kathmandu to Lukla (if wished). But usually, trekkers heap their energy and endurance for moving upward towards the base camp. According to the survey, approximately 45,000 people trek to Everest Camp from Lukla.
From Lukla, the trek starts and it goes to Namche Bazaar which is also known as Sherpa capital. It is situated at 3,440 meters (11290ft) from sea level. It takes two days to reach the center of a village. At this point, trekkers are allowed to take rest for a day. Further 2 days are needed to reach another stopping point, Dingboche (elevated at 1,260 meters / 13,980ft), where acclimatization is offered for a day. Another 2 days of the trek will finally take to Everest Base Camp via Gorakshep (5,545 meters / 18,192ft) and Mt. Pumori. Gorakshep is a small village inhabited by Sherpa people who are famous for their guiding and mountaineering skills. It lies inside Sagarmatha National park and is the final stop on most common treks to EBC from Lukla.
The major attraction of Everest Base Camp through this route are spectacular mountain ranges like Mt. Everest, Lhotse, Pumori, Nuptse, Ama Dablam, and Gauri Shankar. Forest of rhododendron, pine, oak, and rare cum exotic wilderness, add more spark in the beauty of Everest Base Camp. It completely proves that ‘Way to home to more beautiful than reaching home’. Similarly, the trekking distance attracts visitors the most.
On 25 April 2015, an earthquake of 7.8 Richter hit Nepal which caused severe damage to the physical property of the country. The effect of it was also adverse to the Everest Base Camp. According to a survey, at least 19 people were said to be dead. Despite huge earthquake and its aftershocks, the Everest region is safe and enjoyable trekking till the date if proper preparation and precautions are taken.
South Everest Base Camp includes several Camps where climbers take rest and boost up there body and start there climb to the summit. The basecamps in Nepal sides are mentioned below.
Basecamp 1 at the elevation of 6,065 m (19,900 ft). Basecamp I is mostly a temporary camp for the climbers just spending one night at this camp for warming up and after boosting up they start climbing according to the situation.
Basecamp II so-called Advanced Base Camp (ABC) is established at the elevation of 6,400 m (21,300 ft) from the sea level. It lies at the end of the Western Cwm, and the base of the Lhotse Face.
From ABC, climbers ascend the Lhotse face on set ropes up to Basecamp III, situated on small ledges at the elevation of 7,200 m to 7,400 m. From there, it is another 500 meters to Basecamp IV on the South Col at 7,920 m (26,000 ft).
From Basecamp IV, mountaineers will start their summit with the hope of reaching the summit within 10 to 12 hours. Climbers will first reach "The Balcony" at an elevation of 8,400 m (27,700 ft), a small platform where they can rest and gaze at peaks to the south and east in the early dawn light. peak point is too close for climbers but they have to climb properly lots of problems is to face there during the summit. At the end of this traverse is an imposing a 12 m (40 ft) rock wall called the "Hillary Step" at height of 8,760 m (28,750 ft).