Mount Kanchenjunga

In the world, Everyone knows about the highest peak as Mt. Everest but least of them knows about the other eight-thousanders peak. Among the list of 14 eight-thousanders, eight of them are in the Adventurous country, Nepal Which makes this country as Full of Natural Beauty. In World, Mt. Kanchenjunga is listed in the eight-thousanders in the third number after second highest peak Mt. K2 lies between China-Pakistan border. In Nepal, it is the second highest peak after Sagarmatha(Mt. Everest). Its height is of 8,586 m (28,169 ft) from the sea level. It is situated about 125 kilometers south-east of Mt. Everest. It is in between Nepal and India as borderline. It is in Eastern Development Region, Mechi zone, Taplejung District of Nepal. Kangchenjunga is located at Latitude 27° 42' 9'' Longitude 88° 9' 1 '.

Kanchenjunga has 5 peaks. The local Lhopo people’s beliefs that says that the ''Five treasures of Kanchenjunga" are hidden in the mountain slopes so, it is known as "Five Treasure Of The Snow" in the Tibetan language. The five treasures are salt, gold, turquoise, sacred scriptures, invincible armor, and medicine. There are four climbing routes to reach the summit of the Kanchenjunga Mountain, three lies in Nepal and one in India. In 1899, British climber and explorer, Douglas Freshfield and famous Italian photographer, Vittorio Sella are the first to travel completely around the mountain. Illegally traveling through Eastern Nepal, they are the first trekkers to view the great Western Face of Kangchenjunga. After several attempts, the mountain was first climbed in on 25 may 1955 by a British expedition led by Charles Evans from its Nepal side. The first ascent was by George Band and Joe Brown.

Names of Mount Kanchenjunga

Kanchenjunga name in the Limbu language is Senjelungma or Seseylungma and is believed to be a habitation of the powerful goddess Yuma Sammang. Its officially pronounced by Douglas Freshfield, Alexander Mitchell Kellas, and the Royal Geographical Society that gives the best evidence of the Tibetan pronunciation. Freshfield referred to the spelling used by the Indian Government since the late 19th century. Kangchenjunga is also known by some as named Kangchen Dzö-Nga, Kachendzonga, Kangchanfanga.

Environment in Kanchenjunga

As it is known to be as the third highest mountain in the world. same as others highest mountain it has various types of climate in every step while trekking. There is too cold and the wind blows in the very fast mode which made climbers in trouble during the expedition. climbers have to aware from the environment of this region and have to prepare fully for mountaineering by the experts.

Mount Kanchenjunga Climbing Route

There are four climbing routes to reach the summit of Kangchenjunga, three of which are in Nepal from the northeast, southwest, and northwest, and another one is from northeastern Sikkim in India. The northeastern route from Sikkim has been successfully used only three times. The Indian government has banned summit to Kanchenjunga and therefore, this route has been closed since 2003. Luckily, an entire expedition is successful by the Mountaineers through the three routes of Nepal.

Flora and Fauna in Kanchenjunga Region

In the Himalayan Region, limited of trees, birds, and animals are seen rarely. so, they are protected in National parks.
This region has temperate broadleaf and mixed forests having trees like oaks, fir, birch, maple, willow etc. It also consists alpine grasses and shrubs at higher altitudes along with many medicinal plants and herbs.
Animals like musk deer, snow leopard, Himalayan tahr, wild dog, sloth bear, civet, Himalayan black bear, red panda, Tibetan wild ass, Himalayan blue sheep, serow, goral, and takin, as well as reptiles including rat snake and Russell's viper are preserved there so, we easily get our eye contact with those animals.

Geography of Mount Kanchenjunga

Mountains are just a form of a rock and coated with the diamonds so-called snow cause of sparkling during observing it which makes every mountain a perfect look. Kanchenjunga rises about 20 km (12 mi) south of the general alignment of the Great Himalayan range about 125 km (78 mi) east-south-east of Mount Everest as the crow flies. South of the southern face of Kanchenjunga runs the 3,000–3,500 m (9,800–11,500 ft) high Singalila Ridge that separates Sikkim from Nepal and northern West Bengal.

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