Nepal, a Himalayan state, where eight peaks out of 14 eight-thousanders peak of the world are located in this beautiful country having diverse geography. Mt. Lhotse is the fourth highest peak on earth after Mt. Everest, K2 and Kanchenjunga and third highest peak in Nepal after Sagarmatha and Kanchenjunga. Lhotse is a cheering climb that follows the Everest climbing route. The main summit is at 8,516 meters (27,940 ft) above sea level. Moreover, mountaineers are interested in climbing the all eight-thousanders peak which are in Nepal. It is the Part of the Everest and is connected to the nearest peak via the South Col. Lhotse means “South Peak” in Tibetan.
For your successful summit, mountaineers should have extensive mountaineering experience of climbing expeditions at least of 6000 meters as well as an experience of scaling difficult alpine mountain peaks, preferably, some climbing experience of the 7000 or 8000-meter peaks in the Himalayas.
An early attempt on Lhotse was by the 1955 International Himalayan Expedition, headed by Norman Dyhrenfurth and their team but the main summit of Lhotse was first climbed on May 18, 1956, by the Swiss team of Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger from the Swiss Mount Everest. The expedition also made several short films covering local cultural topics and made a number of first ascents of smaller peaks in the Khumbu region
Lots of challenges to be faced by the Mountaineers during their expedition. By December 2008, 371 climbers had summitted Lhotse while 20 died during their attempt. Lhotse was not summited in 2014, 2015, or 2016 due to a series of incidents, however, it was summited again in May 2017. In 2016 Ang Furba Sherpa died from a fall while working on the mountain to set rope.
For successful summit to peak, you should have extensive mountaineering experience of climbing expeditions. So you successfully hoist your feelings with pride.
The Lhotse standard climbing route follows the same path as Everest's South Col route up to the Yellow Band beyond Camp 3. After the Yellow Band, the routes diverge with climbers bound for Everest taking a left over the Geneva Spur up to the South Col, while Lhotse climbers take a right further up the Lhotse face. The last part to the summit leads through the narrow "Reiss couloir" until the Lhotse main peak is reached.
As it is the part of the Mt. Everest, Rarely we found the trees and animals. Though habituated animals and trees are presented here. The forest is filled with birch, juniper, pine, firs, bamboo, and rhododendron whereas the higher altitude plant life is restricted to lichens and mosses. Plants stop to grow above the altitude of 5750m as this is the permanent snow line in the Himalayas.
The animals found in this region have the ability to adopt the chilly weather of the reason. The wild animals like Snow Leopard, Musk deer, wild yak, Himalayan black bear, mountain fix etc are found for this reason. Yaks, buffalos, goats, pigs etc are some animals that are used for farming by the people of this region. The region also hosts numerous varieties of birds and other reptiles. This region surprises us with different beautiful flora and fauna despite its diverse geographical distribution and climatic conditions.
The environment of the mountainous region seems to the coldest region of all time. where the temperature downs to minus which affects our body and leads to death. severe cold for our body is not too good. For your trails successful, first of all, you have to be familiar with the mountain region, which makes your trails successful.
The challenges are like Altitude sickness, this affects many aspects of mountaineers health, Temperature, as we go up temperature varies which direct affects our body parts and lead to certain death, Weather, weather changes time to time during mountaineering so mountaineers have to keep warm their bodies, Falls, most of the sudden death is caused by falling or slipping down while trekking, Avalanche, during time of trekking ice falls, snow falls huge ice falling as Khumbu ice falls leads to certain death, Crevasses, cracks on ice lands over there which directly leads to death, Summit Fever, Hurricane, Frostbite etc.