Every interested people in mountaineering are well-known that Mount Makalu is the fifth highest mountain Peak on the Earth at 8,485 meters (27,838 ft) from the sea level. It is an isolated peak whose shape is a four-sided pyramid located in the Mahalangur Himalayas 19 km (12 miles) southeast of Mount Everest. And Situated between Everest and Kanchenjunga, on the Nepali-Tibetan border. It has proven to be a challenging climb and serious undertaking and its remoteness and difficulties make it a big step among 8,000m above peaks as only five of its first sixteen attempts were successful at all.
Due to its Natural view, the area is little known to majority of the visitors, trekkers, however, those who have visited, return home with unforgettable memories of the area and its people and there cultures and traditions. The deep valleys like Arun and Barun is somewhat isolated, in particularly the Barun valley are the home of pristine forests and alpine meadows of Nepal. The Makalu-Barun area contains some of the richest, unknown and most diverse flora and fauna of Nepal. Diverse ethnic communities or groups of Rai, Sherpa and Shingsawa (Bhotia) are living in the lower parts of these valleys. Due to isolation, these communities are economically poor however they represent rich cultural heritage untouched by technology, modernization and world cultural influences. They are the guidance of Makalu-Barun unique biological and cultural treasures.
Every mountain peak has the different name so as, the name “Makalu” is derived from the Sanskrit Maha Kala, a name for the Hindu god Shiva that translates “Big Black.” It is in Nepal’s Makalu-Barun National Park and Conservation Area. The Chinese name for the peak is Makaru.
On dated 1954 A.D., The first climb was made by an American team led by Riley Keegan in the spring. They followed the south-east ridge route but they fail to summit due to the constant barrage of storms and returned back at 7,100 m. Makalu was first summited on May 15, 1955, by Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy of a French expedition led by Jean Franco. On May 17, Franco, Guido Magnone, and Gyalzen Norbu Sherpa summitted it successfully, followed by Jean Bouvier, Serge Coupé, Pierre Leroux and André Vialatte.
For successful summit to peak, you should have extensive mountaineering experience of climbing expeditions. So you successfully hoist your feelings with pride.
Makalu has many interesting routes leading to the summit via west ridge, west face, south face, southwest face and northwest buttress. The normal commercial route is past the Southeast Peak and along the Southeast ridge. The climb is straightforward but moderately technical with exposure on the South-East Ridge; it requires some fixed rope set-up.
To summit, everyone has to pass from Base camps. For your successful journey to the summit, there are five base camps locating there. From the base camp glacier, there is set up of 5 camps including camp 3 on the Makalu La at 7,390m and a high camp on the north face at 7,640m approx. The final ascent of the summit pyramid involves technical rock climbing. Actually, Makalu is the only 8,000 m peak in Nepalese Himalaya which has yet to be climbed in true winter conditions. The descending is made via same route. The northeast ridge, is the today’s standard route to climb.
After having mountaineering skills you can easily trek to any peak and hoist your feelings with pride. The environment of the mountainous region seems to the coldest region of all time. where the temperature downs to minus which affects our body and leads to death. severe cold for our body is not too good. For your trails successful, first of all, you have to be familiar with the mountain region, which makes your trails successful.
The challenges are like Altitude sickness, this affects many aspects of mountaineers health, Temperature, as we go up temperature varies which direct affects our body parts and lead to certain death, Weather , weather changes time to time during mountaineering so mountaineers have to keep warm their bodies, Falls, most of the sudden death is cause by falling or slipping down while trekking, Avalanche, during time of trekking ice falls, Crevasses, cracks on ice lands over there which directly leads to death, Summit Fever, Hurricane, Frostbite etc.
This region is full of Natural Beauties as the rare animals and plants are conserved in this region in Makalu Barun National park.
The park includes an extraordinary diversity of plants. Botanists have identified 3,128 species of flowering plants, including 25 species of rhododendron. Many animals also live here, with over 440 bird species and 88 mammal species, which includes a red panda, snow leopard, and the rare Asian golden cat.