Bhutan is a Buddhist kingdom on the Eastern Edge of the Himalayas, also known for its monasteries, fortresses, and landscapes. It shares boundaries with Tibet Autonomous Region of China in North, Sikkim the state of India in the west, Arunachal Pradesh the state of India in East, Assam and North Bengal in the south. It is the smallest landlocked country in South Asia. Thimpu is the capital city of Bhutan while Phuntsholing is its financial capital. Bhutan’s landscape ranges from subtropical plains to the south to the Himalayas in the north. The highest mountain is the Gangkhar Puensum which is an unclimbed mountain. The king of Bhutan is known as Dragon king. Hydroelectricity is a major share of its export.
Bhutan exiled the largest percentage of its population mainly Lhotshampa citizens in last decades. They are stranded in the UNHCR refugee camps in eastern Nepal. Despite this, Bhutan is the only country in the world continuously receiving the highest percentage per capita international grant aid. The king of Bhutan has made the first written constitution public on 26th March 2005. It was drafted under his command by a group of 39 elites and bureaucrats. The king did not allow to include any representative from the ethnic minority Lhotshampas. Eventually, the draft constitution does not reflect the rights of the minorities are given, even not a single word such as ‘Hinduism/Hindu, Lhotshampas, minorities, refugee etc. are incorporated in the constitution.
Therefore, the fear is that the rights of the minority Lhotshampas will be violated constitutionally which makes even more difficult for anyone to promote, protect the human rights in Bhutan. Because the constitution in its clause 2.15 gives the power to the monarchy to do anything saying, 'the king remains above the constitution and all activities He does will remain sacrosanct' this eventually might lead to more dangerous violations of the rights of the people from behind the scene, more dangerously than before that forcible exiled about 20% of its population.
It is the capital city of Bhutan. Its landmark is Tashi Chhon Dzong. Nozilam is city’s main place with many shops Hotels and shopping complex. It is also famous for its Monasteries such as Changangkha Lhakhang, The national memorial Cothren. Museums like Alay gallery and The royal Textile are famous for their ancient collection.
Paro is the town with many historic sites and Historic buildings. It is famous for its Taktsang Palphug, well known as Tiger’s Nest monastery clings to cliffs above the forested Paro valley. It is also home to a solo International airport of Bhutan.