The world is full of Natural beauty. In this adventurous world, most of the people are fond of adventurous nature so for its regulations. They should have the keen for adventuring the nature of trekking, mountaineering, rafting, trekking etc. Having several names of Sagarmatha worldwide. Everest was given its official name by Andrew Waugh, the British Surveyor General of India after Sir George Everest; The Greatest Trigonometric Surveyor of India who was the famous geographer during the time of East India Company in 1856A.D. and accepted by Royal Geographical Society in 1865A.D.
Exploring down the interests on mountaineering most of the people know about the highest peak as Mount Everest. In Nepali, it is known as Sagarmatha in Tibetan as Chomolungma. Worldwide it is known as Mount Everest. It is the Earth's highest mountain above sea level. Nepal has the highest mountain range in the world, Mount Everest is located in Mahalangur Himal sub-range of Himalayas, Lying in the lap of Solukhumbu District, Sagarmatha zone, Eastern Development Region, Nepal. As it is ranked first, Elevation is of 8,848 m (29,029 ft) claimed by China and Nepal. Mount Everest is the endpoint as the highest point of the world.
It attracts many mountaineers; climbers, trekkers and some of the highly experienced climbers are successful to climb it. Beside this people wants to be a conqueror against conquered ones. The first conquerors on reaching the top point or the winners who became the first climbers in the world to reach the endpoint was Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa. They made attempts in 29th of may 1953A.D. through the Southeast Ridge route. This route is also known as Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa Trek Route.
After the success of their journey, most of the people want to climb it and made their efforts for being successful. This is the tough challenges for the Mountaineers for making it possible. Luckily most of them conquer and made their name in the list of climbers of Mount Everest. In Everest, there present lots of challenges; dangers to face by the Mountaineers. Undoubtedly the weather, cold wind, altitude sickness as well as significant problems to face due to snowfall, Khumbu icefall, avalanche, severe cold, sudden heart attack etc. This creates lots of problem to the Mountaineers during climbing which leads to sudden death. Many Dead bodies are still there burying in the snow of Everest. As of 2017, nearly 300 people have died during climbing. The rock height of Everest is 8,844m claimed by China which recognizes Nepal and the snow height is 8,848 m.
When Kirati's were ruling down the country dates back to 800 BCE, their dynasty falls under Mt. Everest area. As they were rulers in Himalayan mountains so, the Mahalangur Himalayas range is also known to be as Kirat region of eastern Nepal.
In the context of Nepal, Nepal Government announces officially its name as Sagarmatha, in the 1960s. Andrew Waugh argued that because there were many local names, it would be difficult to remind one name over all others, so he decided that Peak XV should be named after Welsh surveyor Sir George Everest. Everest himself opposed the name suggested by Waugh and told the Royal Geographical Society in 1857 that "Everest" could not be written in Hindi nor pronounced by "the native of India". Then, the name of Mt. Everest is after Sir George Everest officially announced by Royal Geographical Society in 1865A.D. before it was named as "peak-XV." The Tibetan named Mt. Everest as Qomolangma, which means "Holy mother peak". It consists of different names such as Mt. Chomolungma, Zhumulang ma, Qomolangma Feng. Though it has different names, worldwide it is known as Mount Everest.
World highest mountain Mt. Everest sounds itself as the toughest challenges for the Mountaineers. Its structure seems to snowy but fact is that its rocky height is of 8,844 m with snow it's height measures to 8,848 m. In every step there are lots of changes are seen. Mt. Everest consists of sedimentary and metamorphic rocks as there is the consistency of different colored rocks. Every year, Himalayas are rising by 5mm. The Southeast ridge route is the standard route for trekking which helps mountaineers for climbing Mt. Everest in a smooth way. There is northern ridge route from the side of Tibet which claims to danger by the Trekkers. Lots of changes are seen in every step forwarded by mountaineers.
As we know that the Everest is the highest peak and probably it owns lots of obstacles besides this it has the finest climate, wind, the natural beauty. Every second the climate is changing according to weather. In 2008, a new weather station at about 8,000 m altitude (26,246 feet) went online. The station's first data in May 2008 were air temperature −17 °C (1 °F), relative humidity 41.3 percent, atmospheric pressure 382.1 hPa (38.21 kPa), wind direction 262.8°, wind speed 12.8 m/s (28.6 mph, 46.1 km/h), global solar radiation 711.9 watts/m2, solar UVA radiation 30.4 W/m2.
The project was performed by Stations at High Altitude for Research on the Environment around the Everest. In February 2004 a wind speed of 280 km/h (175 mph) was recorded at the summit and winds over 160 km/h(100 mph) are common. As the wind blowing is of high speed like as of jet craft. In summer the hot wet air blows from Indian ocean to Everest's south side and In winter the west-southwest flowing jet stream shifts south and blows on the peak.
Few of flora and fauna are here cause of severe cold only the cold items are founded which are rare to find out as they are habituated here and familiar with the mountain regions. A moss grows at 6480 m on Everest which may be the highest altitude plant species. Arenaria, (an Alpine cushion plant) is known to grow below 5500 m in this region. Rarely the plants are seen in this region. A minute black jumping spider has been found at the height of 6700 m. As we know yak are often seen there as they are habituated. Rarely, animals are also not seen there due to climate change and of habituated too. Birds like bar-headed goose have been flying at the high altitude of the mountains others, as though, have been spotted at the altitude of 7920 m. bar-headed geese migrate over the mountains. The Himalayan black bear can be spotted there at the height of 4300 m and the red panda is also present in this region. Guesses are that the all animals which are habituated to cold climate can be present and can be spotted there.
As per the resources, mountaineers start their journey after they got the permit for climbing and they have to travel to the base camp so they will get familiar with the environment of that region. The base camp is at height of 5400 m and other base camps are present there such that Basecamp 1 is at the height of 6100 m then camp 2 is at 6400 m then camp 3 at 6800 m then camp 4 at 8000m then the summit completed by the Mountaineers after hoisting there country's flag and feel proud.
The Dream comes true after the Mountaineers passes all challenges that will be held during climbing. Lots of obstacles are seen there during there expedition for it overcome mountaineers have to face it and have to be familiar with the environment present there. The obstacles to be faced are not the minors it's the greatest challenges for them. Less oxygen is also the cause of certain death.
The challenges are like Altitude sickness, this affects many aspects of mountaineers health, Temperature, as we go up temperature varies which direct affects our body parts and lead to certain death, Weather , weather changes time to time during mountaineering so mountaineers have to keep warm their bodies, Falls, most of the sudden death is cause by falling or slipping down while trekking, Avalanche, during time of trekking ice falls, snow falls huge ice falling as khumbhu ice falls leads to certain death, Crevasses, cracks on ice lands over there which directly leads to death, Summit Fever, Hurricane, Frostbite etc.
4,833 different people have summited Everest for a total of 8,306 summits till now. On dated 1996, 19 climbers died which was the deadliest ever on Mt. Everest. In 2012, 6 climbers died there. 288 people have died to attempt Everest on all routes, on the peak's dangerous slopes during their expedition till now. The youngest successful climber to reach the summit in the age of 13 is Jordan Romero in may 2010 and the oldest climber to reach the summit in the age of 76 was Min Bahadur Sherchan, in may 2008. Then Yuichiro Miura became the oldest climber to reach the summit in the age of 80 years, on may 23 2013. Apa Sherpa recorded the Highest number of times to reach the summit by recording 21 times.